Olim are exempt from paying bituach leumi (national insurance) for one year after making aliyah. After that year, your employer pays your bituach leumi, and if you are not employed, you will have to pay for it yourself. If you are not employed by the HD olami office or somewhere else, try to find a part-time job that will pay you legally, because even if you only work a little bit per month, they are required to pay your full bituach leumi. Ktinim Hozrim are not automatically eligible for the free year of bituach leumi, and must visit a bituach leumi branch in their first weeks in the country to fill out forms and arrange this. Being in good standing with bituach leumi is what makes you eligible for health insurance.
The Bituach Leumi branch in Haifa is located in Kiryat Hamemshalah at Shderot Palyam 8, and open on: Sun, Tues, and Thurs from 8am-12:30pm. We recommend showing up right when it opens, at 8am, to wait on line for the least amount of time[s1] .
[s1]Messing up bituach leumi is a serious problem. We know people who have gotten letters saying they owe thousands of shekels because someone in bituach leumi messed up a form. Also vered and jacki and maybe shawn have been dealing with the bituach leumi situation for those not employed so you should maybe talk to them